d3.js – Most simple stack layout with bars

In order to understand the physics of various visualizations I walk through the samples and gists I find, dissect them and strip them down to the bare minimum. From there I explore my own variations. I took Mike’s sample for a stacked bar chart and changed it to chart reading from a matrix instead of the csv file.

Stacked Bar Chart

The matrix object

            var matrix = [
                [ 1,  5871, 8916, 2868],
                [ 2, 10048, 2060, 6171],
                [ 3, 16145, 8090, 8045],
                [ 4,   990,  940, 6907],
                [ 5,   450,  430, 5000]
            ];

The stack layout expects an object with an array of objects, each member of the array represents the values of one value group (eg. “all dark blue values”), and each object contains x and y value. It will process theis array amnd a y0 value (the offset to the baseline).
You can see this if you run the below code with the console.log output.

Console

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>Simple Stack</title>
        <script type="text/javascript" src="libnew/d3.v2.min.js"></script>
        <style>
            svg {
                border: solid 1px #ccc;
                font: 10px sans-serif;
                shape-rendering: crispEdges;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>

        <div id="viz"></div>

        <script type="text/javascript">

            var w = 960,
            h = 500

            // create canvas
            var svg = d3.select("#viz").append("svg:svg")
            .attr("class", "chart")
            .attr("width", w)
            .attr("height", h )
            .append("svg:g")
            .attr("transform", "translate(10,470)");

            x = d3.scale.ordinal().rangeRoundBands([0, w-50])
            y = d3.scale.linear().range([0, h-50])
            z = d3.scale.ordinal().range(["darkblue", "blue", "lightblue"])

            console.log("RAW MATRIX---------------------------");
	    // 4 columns: ID,c1,c2,c3
            var matrix = [
                [ 1,  5871, 8916, 2868],
                [ 2, 10048, 2060, 6171],
                [ 3, 16145, 8090, 8045],
                [ 4,   990,  940, 6907],
                [ 5,   450,  430, 5000]
            ];
            console.log(matrix)

            console.log("REMAP---------------------------");
            var remapped =["c1","c2","c3"].map(function(dat,i){
                return matrix.map(function(d,ii){
                    return {x: ii, y: d[i+1] };
                })
            });
            console.log(remapped)

            console.log("LAYOUT---------------------------");
            var stacked = d3.layout.stack()(remapped)
            console.log(stacked)

            x.domain(stacked[0].map(function(d) { return d.x; }));
            y.domain([0, d3.max(stacked[stacked.length - 1], function(d) { return d.y0 + d.y; })]);

            // show the domains of the scales
            console.log("x.domain(): " + x.domain())
            console.log("y.domain(): " + y.domain())
            console.log("------------------------------------------------------------------");

            // Add a group for each column.
            var valgroup = svg.selectAll("g.valgroup")
            .data(stacked)
            .enter().append("svg:g")
            .attr("class", "valgroup")
            .style("fill", function(d, i) { return z(i); })
            .style("stroke", function(d, i) { return d3.rgb(z(i)).darker(); });

            // Add a rect for each date.
            var rect = valgroup.selectAll("rect")
            .data(function(d){return d;})
            .enter().append("svg:rect")
            .attr("x", function(d) { return x(d.x); })
            .attr("y", function(d) { return -y(d.y0) - y(d.y); })
            .attr("height", function(d) { return y(d.y); })
            .attr("width", x.rangeBand());

        </script>
    </body>
</html>

My gist: bl.ocks.org/2940908

Advertisements

2 thoughts on “d3.js – Most simple stack layout with bars

  1. How would you create a stacked bar with variable colors for each stacked bar, eg the stacks are actual and expected. If actual = expected

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s