Glassfish 3.1 – Clustering Tutorial Part2 (sessions)

In the previous part (link) I get you running with a simple Glassfish 3.1 cluster setup with 2 instances running on 2 nodes. Now we have a cluster setup and can deploy an application one time and it will run on both nodes, no big deal, it doesn’t get us anywhere. So in part 2 we will do some modifications to our virtualbox server setup and create a web application with sessions replicated to both instances.


  • The server and cluster setup from part 1 (link)

Preparation of host and Virtualbox guests:

In part 1 we used n1 and n2 as hostname, this creates trouble for this part. A key information for the sessions is the server-hostname (domain) and we cannot share sessions between totally different hosts.

  1. Update guest server hostname
    Change etc/hosts and /etc/hostname
    Server n1 becomes    localhost

    Server n2 becomes    localhost


    • You can use any domain name (other than, which I dont own btw).
    • The IP addresses must fit your own Virtualbox setup.
  2. Update your host
    The host running Virtualbox. Change /etc/hosts
  3. Check multicast
    The communication between the nodes is using multicast for the session replication. The Glassfish team gives us a tool to verify if your servers can “see” each other.
    Go to the bin folder of the Glassfish installation and execute ./asadmin validate-multicast on both nodes
    You should get feedback like this Continue reading

Glassfish 3.1 – Clustering Tutorial

Glassfish Clustering, after being absent from version 3, made its re-debut after 2.1 in the current version 3.1
I was eager to get my hands on and tried to make sense of some information from various sources (see reference).

Clustering is quite a sophisticated subject, which you dont need to cover during development time, but at some stage (deployment to production) you better off knowing how it works and verify your application runs in the clustering environment.

I compiled the most essential steps in this instant-15min-tutorial creating the most simple cluster: 2 nodes with 1 instance each, 1 node also runs the DAS.

Glassfish Cluster

Continue reading